Ethel Dench Puffer Howes

An American educator and psychologist.

Restricted from many research opportunities because of her gender, Puffer returned to teaching psychology at Radcliffe, Wellesley, and Simmons Colleges, and published a book, The Psychology of Beauty, in 1905, based on her research in aesthetics. In 1908, her marriage to Benjamin Howes further impacted her career due to cultural norms of the period which did not permit married women to work outside of the home. She continued to write scholarly articles through her forties while raising two children. Puffer's published reflections of the role of women and the conflict between marriage and career in the Atlantic Monthly in 1922 brought attention to one of the basic dilemmas confronting educated women of that time.

(MLA 8th Edition)