Diagnostic echolalia is the immediate, rote repetition of the words spoken by another, without assigning any meaning to them. It is typically a symptom of a neurological or psychiatric disorder. Normal echolalia refers to the repetition of a caregiver’ words by a baby who is learning to talk.
When an individual repeats words or phrases spoken by others, using a mechanical, robot-like speech pattern, the behavior is known as echolalia. This response is often observed in children with autism, Tourette's syndrome, schizophrenia, and certain other brain disorders.
See also Autism; Schizophrenia ; Speech-language pathology ; Tourette syndrome .
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