Deductive Reasoning

Away of thinking that relates ideas to one another in order to reach conclusions.

Deductive reasoning is a way of reasoning that relates two or more general concepts or conditions to a specific case. For example, a child learns that birds fly south in October and that a robin is a bird. Using deductive reasoning, the child may conclude that a robin will fly south in October. Deductive reasoning is often confused with inductive reasoning, its inverse, which uses a specific observation to reach a general conclusion.

See also Inductive reasoning ; Learning ; Learning To-Learn; Logical thinking .

Resources

BOOKS

Buxton, Marilynn L. Rapp, and Mike Eustis. Math Logic Mysteries: Mathematical Problem Solving with Deductive Reasoning. Waco, TX: Prufrock Press, 2007.

Domjan, Michael P. The Principles of Learning and Behavior, 6th ed. Belmont, CA: Thomson/Wadsworth, 2009.

Evans, Jonathan St.B. T. Psychology of Deductive Reasoning. London, UK: Psychology Press Ltd, 2013.

Gergely, T., and O.M. Anshakov. Cognitive Reasoning: A Formal Approach. Berlin: Springer, 2009.

Haselgrove, Mark, and Lee Hogarth. Clinical Applications of Learning Theory. Hove, UK: Psychology Press, 2012.

Klein, Stephen B. Learning: Principles and Applications. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE, 2012.

Raedt, Luc de. Logical and Relational Learning. Berlin: Springer, 2008.