Away of thinking that relates ideas to one another in order to reach conclusions.

Deductive reasoning is a way of reasoning that relates two or more general concepts or conditions to a specific case. For example, a child learns that birds fly south in October and that a robin is a bird. Using deductive reasoning, the child may conclude that a robin will fly south in October. Deductive reasoning is often confused with inductive reasoning, its inverse, which uses a specific observation to reach a general conclusion.

*See also* Inductive reasoning
; Learning
; Learning To-Learn;
Logical thinking
.

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Evans, Jonathan St.B. T. *Psychology of Deductive Reasoning*. London, UK: Psychology Press Ltd, 2013.

Gergely, T., and O.M. Anshakov. *Cognitive Reasoning: A Formal Approach*. Berlin: Springer, 2009.

Haselgrove, Mark, and Lee Hogarth. *Clinical Applications of Learning Theory*. Hove, UK: Psychology Press, 2012.

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