Bender-Gestalt Test

The Bender-Gestalt is a diagnostic assessment test used to identify learning disabilities, neurological disorders, and developmental delay.

The complete name of this test is the Bender Visual Motor Gestalt Test. This assessment tool is used with all age groups to help identify possible learning disabilities, neurological disorders, cognitive deficits, and global developmental delays. Test results also provide information about specific abilities, including motor coordination, executive function, memory, and organization. The test-taker is given a series of nine designs, each on a separate card, and asked to reproduce them on a blank sheet of paper. The test is not timed. The results are scored by professionals who consider a variety of factors, including form, shape, pattern, and orientation on the page.

See also Achievement tests ; Assessment, psychological ; Learning ; Learning disability .

Resources

BOOKS

Cohen, Ronald Jay, et al. Psychological Testing and Assessment: An Introduction to Tests and Measurement. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2013.

Richard, David C. S., and Steven Ken Huprich. Clinical Psychology: Assessment, Treatment, and Research. Amsterdam: Elsevier/AP, 2009.

Rudy, Jerry W. The Neurobiology of Learning and Memory. Sunderland, MA: Sinauer, 2008.

Shneidman, E. S. Thematic Test Analysis. New York: Routledge, 2013.

Tiliopoulos, Niko, and Simon Boag. Personality and Individual Differences: Theory, Assessment, and Application. New York: Nova Science, 2011.