Eurofit Physical Fitness Test Battery is a set of 10 tests established for school-age children by the Council of Europe in 1987. The program was extended to adults in 1995.
On May 19, 1987, the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe adopted Recommendation No. R (87) 9, dealing with a new program designed to test the physical fitness of children in member states between the ages of six and 18. The recommendation put forward 10 tests designed to measure children's strength, speed, endurance, and flexibility. In 1995, the Council extended this program and adapted it to the needs of adults ages 18 to 65. The 10 tests and their functions are as follows:
Additional data collected in connection with these tests are a child's age, sex, height, weight, and percentage of body fat.
Detailed descriptions of each of the 10 tests are provided in a Council of Europe publication, Eurofit: Handbook for the Eurofit Tests of Physical Fitness. Nine Eurofit tests are as follows (the bicycle ergometer test is generally not included in the full battery):
The adult modification of the Eurofit test battery differs somewhat from the children's model. Like the children's battery of tests, the adult Eurofit battery may differ from country to country and examining site to examining site. The original Council of Europe report recommended the following test battery:
Each test in the Eurofit battery is designed to measure some specific aspect of a person's fitness. For example, the sit and reach test is designed to measure the flexibility of a person's lower back and hamstring muscles, whereas the plate tapping exercise is designed to measure a person's speed and coordination of limb movement.
The underlying premise behind the Eurofit program is that certain skills are essential in a healthy person's overall physical fitness. These skills include strength, endurance, flexibility, and speed. The tests included in the Eurofit battery were specifically designed to measure the extent to which an individual meets certain minimum standards in each of these areas, and provides guidelines for activities that help a person reach those minimum standards for which he or she is currently inadequate. For example, a person whose endurance is found to fall below minimum standards as measured in the endurance shuttle run can use that same activity to improve his or her skill in that aspect of physical fitness.
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Council of Europe, Avenue de l'Europe F–67075, Strasbourg-Cedex, France, 33(0) 3 88 41 20 00, Fax: 33(0) 3 88 41 27 54, firstname.lastname@example.org, http://www.coe.int .
David E. Newton, AB, MA, EdD