Eurofit

Definition

Eurofit Physical Fitness Test Battery is a set of 10 tests established for school-age children by the Council of Europe in 1987. The program was extended to adults in 1995.

Description

On May 19, 1987, the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe adopted Recommendation No. R (87) 9, dealing with a new program designed to test the physical fitness of children in member states between the ages of six and 18. The recommendation put forward 10 tests designed to measure children's strength, speed, endurance, and flexibility. In 1995, the Council extended this program and adapted it to the needs of adults ages 18 to 65. The 10 tests and their functions are as follows:




Outline of nine Eurofit tests that are commonly used to determine the physical fitness of children in Europe. (A tenth test, the bicycle ergometer test, also examines cardiorespiratory endurance.)

Additional data collected in connection with these tests are a child's age, sex, height, weight, and percentage of body fat.

Detailed descriptions of each of the 10 tests are provided in a Council of Europe publication, Eurofit: Handbook for the Eurofit Tests of Physical Fitness. Nine Eurofit tests are as follows (the bicycle ergometer test is generally not included in the full battery):

KEY TERMS
Cardiorespiratory endurance—
The ability of a person's body to supply nutrients and oxygen for a sustained period of physical activity.
Dynamometer—
Device for measuring force.
Explosive power—
The ability to reach maximum strength in a short period of time.
Functional strength—
The force exerted by a muscle when it is performing some specific task, such as running or jumping.
Static strength—
The force exerted by a muscle when it is neither extending nor contracting.
Trunk strength—
The strength of muscles in the front and back of the torso, the portion of the body between the neck and the hips.

The adult modification of the Eurofit test battery differs somewhat from the children's model. Like the children's battery of tests, the adult Eurofit battery may differ from country to country and examining site to examining site. The original Council of Europe report recommended the following test battery:

QUESTIONS TO ASK YOUR DOCTOR
  • Is there a facility in our area that provides Eurofit testing for children?
  • Are there any advantages for an adult of my age having a Eurofit test?
  • Can I conduct a set of Eurofit tests on my own?
  • What exercises are recommended if I do not meet the standards of one or more of the tests?

Function

Each test in the Eurofit battery is designed to measure some specific aspect of a person's fitness. For example, the sit and reach test is designed to measure the flexibility of a person's lower back and hamstring muscles, whereas the plate tapping exercise is designed to measure a person's speed and coordination of limb movement.

Results

The underlying premise behind the Eurofit program is that certain skills are essential in a healthy person's overall physical fitness. These skills include strength, endurance, flexibility, and speed. The tests included in the Eurofit battery were specifically designed to measure the extent to which an individual meets certain minimum standards in each of these areas, and provides guidelines for activities that help a person reach those minimum standards for which he or she is currently inadequate. For example, a person whose endurance is found to fall below minimum standards as measured in the endurance shuttle run can use that same activity to improve his or her skill in that aspect of physical fitness.

Resources

BOOKS

Miller, Mark D., and Stephen R. Thompson, eds. DeLee and Drez's Orthopaedic Sports Medicine. 4th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders/Elsevier, 2015.

Safran, Marc R., James E. Zachazewski, and David A. Stone. Instructions for Sports Medicine Patients. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier/Saunders, 2012.

Seidenberg, Peter H., and Anthony I. Beutler, eds. The Sports Medicine Resource Manual. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders/Elsevier, 2008.

PERIODICALS

Eurofit: Handbook for the Eurofit Tests of Physical Fitness. 2nd ed. Strasbourg, France: Council of Europe, Committee for the Development of Sport, 1993.

Gulías-González Roberto, et al. “Physical Fitness in Spanish Schoolchildren Aged 6–12 Years: Reference Values of the Battery EUROFIT and Associated Cardiovascular Risk.” Journal of School Health 84, no.10 (October 1, 2014): 625–35.

van Nassau, Femke, et al. “Study Protocol of European Fans in Training (EuroFIT): A Four-Country Randomised Controlled Trial of a Lifestyle Program for Men Delivered in Elite Football Clubs.” BMC Public Health 168, no. 2 (July 19, 2016): 598–614.

Vancampfort, Davy, et al. “Test–Retest Reliability, Feasibility and Clinical Correlates of the Eurofit Test Battery in People with Bipolar Disorder.” Psychiatry Research 228, no. 3 (August 30, 2015): 620–5.

Zaqout, Mahmoud. “Determinant Factors of Physical Fitness in European Children.” International Journal of Public Health 61, no. 5 (June 2016): 573–82.

WEBSITES

Men's Fitness & Health.“Eurofit for Adults.” Men's-Fitness-and-Health.com . http://www.mens-fitness-and-health.com/Eurofit.html (accessed March 8, 2017).

Topend Sports.“Eurofit Fitness Testing Battery.” Topendsports.com http://www.topendsports.com/testing/eurofit.htm (accessed March 8, 2017).

ORGANIZATIONS

Council of Europe, Avenue de l'Europe F–67075, Strasbourg-Cedex, France, 33(0) 3 88 41 20 00, Fax: 33(0) 3 88 41 27 54, media@coe.int, http://www.coe.int .

David E. Newton, AB, MA, EdD

  This information is not a tool for self-diagnosis or a substitute for professional care.